What is hormone imbalance? A hormone imbalance occurs when there is an increase or a decrease in the production of certain hormone in the body. To understand more about hormone imbalance, here’s a brief overview on the hormones and its functions to our body.Hormones are chemical substances that play most of cell functions of the body. They functions in various processes such as growth, appetite, reproduction, cell repair, metabolism, and fertility. These biological messengers are secreted throughout the body system, and by their communication with the organs and to one another, they are facilitating the balance in the body of a person to maintain a holistic level of health.
Hormone signaling starts with the release of the hormones from the gland, an organ that both produces the signals of the molecules and then secretes them. The exocrine glands, such as salivary, sebaceous, and sweat glands, release the hormones to the ducts to transport them to their target organs. Endocrine glands such as the sex glands (testes and ovaries), parathyroid, thyroid, pituitary gland, and adrenal gland secrete hormones directly in the blood where they are carried to the target organ.
At times, the delicate balance of the hormones is interrupted. Hormonal imbalances could take place both in men and women of any race and age, though it is most typically observed in adults beyond the middle age. Hormonal imbalances are natural changes in the body chemistry as people get older, such as menopause and andropause, which could have an effect on hormonal release from the glands; thus, disrupting the equilibrium.
Although testosterone is the main sex hormone in men, they also have the female hormone estrogen in their bodies. A hormonal imbalance in men may be due to excess levels of estrogen and low levels of testosterone. What causes these imbalanced levels of estrogen and testosterone? Well, there are several factors. Stress can lead to adrenal fatigue, which is known to upregulate an enzyme called aromatase that can decrease testosterone and increase estrogen levels. Too much cardio and endurance exercises could likewise lead to a drop in testosterone levels. Obesity and alcoholism contribute to hormonal imbalance in men, too. Some symptoms of hormonal imbalance in men are impotence or erectile dysfunction, low libido, infertility, fatigue, muscle weakness, depression, slow recovery from exercise, and more.
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Diabetes is a common type of hormonal imbalance that occurs in the body when there is no sufficient insulin, the hormone produced in pancreas that affects the metabolism. The under- and over-activity of the thyroid are also common and occasionally detected even in the young people. All these hormonal imbalances could have an impact in emotional and physical health of the person. Sustained hormonal imbalance could have severe and fatal complications.
Now, we already know what hormone imbalance is, as well as its effect to our body system. It is important to seek medical advice in order to have proper diagnosis and intervention. This is one way to obtain a good general well-being and holistic health of a person.